with 3.500 years history, generator of world democracy that all the
citizens had right to participate in the governing of state and not only
European culture .In the classic times - 500-323 b.C. was built - the
Parthenon - work of Iktinus and Kalljkratis, magnificent temple for the
Gods, builded with two rhythms, the Doric and ionic, One of the most
admirable pictures in the Parthenon
are the procession of Panathineum - the scene from more brilliant
feast of "golden century" devoted in the parton saint Athens.
At the duration of this feast became also the eminent "procession
of Panathineum" - that recounted Phidias.
Phidias also manufactured a splendid statue of Athens from gold
and ivory and was placed in the Parthenon. Other
splendid buildings that were built then in Acropolis were the
Erethium, the Propilea and
the temple of Athens Nikis. In
spring Athens were rejoice “Big Dionysian”.
During the feast the Athenians watched theatrical representations
in the theatre of Dionysus, under the Acropolis.
from the artistic creations, in Athens of classic season we have also
growth of philosophy, oratory, theatre, poetry, history.
Athens became then "school of all Greece", because in
Athens were assembled and lectured the intellectual persons from whole
the philosophy distinguished Socrates, who sacrificed also his life
still for his ideas, Plato and Aristotle.
The modern culture owes a lot in their thought and wisdom.
the church of municipality of democratic Athens big speakers attracted
the crowds with their reasons. Between the leadings was Demosthenes.
victory of Greeks at the Persians gave to Herodotus the inspiration to
write the history of Persians wars.
Athens it was given birth then for first time in the world, the theatre.
The Athenians watched the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and
Euripides and laughed in the comedies of Aristophanes. This wealth with
the conquests of G. Alexander speaded up to depths of small Asia.
worthy your attention is:
Archaeological Museum in the Parthenon
Square of Constitution with the Parliament
Monument of Unknown Soldier
Royal garden - the Zappio
Old community of Athens - Plaka
Archaeological Museum of Salonika began builded in February 1961 in
drawings of architect Patroclos Karantinos'.
in 1971 and it included sculptures, prehistoric collection, miniature
art archaic and classic years, total of discoveries from the graves in
Derveni. In 1978 the astonishing discoveries of Vergina (Aigai) imposed
the first change at the exposition: in the space of prehistoric
collection and miniature art exposed discoveries of the Royal graves in
the frame of the exposition « Treasures of Ancient Macedonia ».
members of the Ionic temple, that were found scattered in Thessalonica
at the end of 6th century b.C.
2 and 3
Thessalonica Sculptural archaic, classic and Hellenistic season, where
emanate from regions of Macedonia.
presented the history of the city since the prehistoric years until the
Prehistoric period – discoveries from prehistoric tubes, houses and
graves of archaic and classic years.
Hellenistic period – elements of urban organization of the city and
the Macedonian graves.
Roman period – exhibits from the region of the sanctuaries, the market,
Galerian’s palace and the out walls cemeteries.
5 and 6
and bas-reliefs, honorary, dedicatory and graves from the roman season.
7 – Graves Architecture
8 – Sindos
9 – the gold of Macedonians
10 – the region of Thessalonica in prehistory
Meteora are today the bigger and the most important after “Ago Oros”
monastic group in Greece. The first traces of their history, are
presented since the 11th century, when installed here the first hermits.
Today they constitute the most important turning points of cultural map
of Greece, while UNESCO has characterized them as phenomenon of cultural
Abbey of the Great Meteoron
the second abbey in extent and size It is constituted by the catholic,
devoted in Agius Pantes which is athoniku type with wide in close church
vestibule (frugal) with dome. Builded in 1541 and the close church
vestibule which hagiographied in 1566. The old Altar is today museum, while in the northerners it
undergoes also the chapel of Three Hierarchs.
devoted in the Metamorphosis of Savior, but is honoured also Saint
Barbara. The catholic of
abbey of that is agioritiku type builded in the means of 16th century.
The catholic and the rooms of reception are found in the ground
floor. The archodariki,
different rooms', auxiliary spaces exist in the two different floors.
Abbey Ag. Nikolaos Anapaysa'
is the first abbey that we meet going up to Meteora. The catholic of
abbey, devoted in the St.. Nicolas, is one room temple with small dome
which builded in the beginnings of 16th century.
Abbey Ag. Stephen
the most accessible abbey because nobody goes up with steps. The small
one room temple builded in the means of 16th century and hagiographied
in 1545 or little later. In
1798 builded current catholic of St. Haralampus, that is agioritiku type.
The old Altar of abbey functions today as Museum.
Abbey St. Trinity
the difficultest access, because somebody reaches there through rock and
valley. The current main
temple is small crossed dikonius temple with dome, which builded in 1476
and hagiographied in 1741. In
1684 was added beside the temple a small ossuary.
In abbeys was materialised erected works of maintenance of murals.
ancient city is found in northern foot of
the mountains Pleurius which is identified
with certainty with Aigai, the ancient capital of Kingdom of down
Macedonia. The space was
lived continuous by the season of early Copper ages (3 b.C. millennium),
while at the early season of Iron (11os - 8os century) it was already
important, rich and popular centre.
The acne season acne of city were the archaic (7th- 6th
b.C) and classic times (5th-4th century b.C), therefore
constituted the more important urban centre of region, seat of
Macedonian Kings and place where were assembled most important
traditional sanctuaries. The
Aigai were eminent in the antiquity for the wealth of Royal graves that
was found in the extended necropolis of city.
The discoveries from the Royal graves are exposed in the
underground building - museum that protects the ancient monuments, and
in special shaped space of Archaeological Museum of Salonika.
The excavations began the 19o century, were continued the decade
of ' 30. After the end of
the B’ World War, Manolis Andronjkos took over, whom at the decade of
' 50-'60 excavated the cemetery hurricane.
Parallel, excavated the Palace from ' the Archaeological
Department of Aristotelian University of Salonika and department of
Necropolis from the Archaeological Service of Ministry of Culture.
1977 the hoe of M. Andronikos carried in the light the royal graves of
Big Tube, between those who found more important was Philip B' (359-336
b.C), a discovery that was considered as one of the more important
archaeological makes of our century.
From then the excavation is continued and has revealed line of
more important monuments and archaeological totals of archaeological
space of Verginas – Aigai are:
The Royal Graves of Big Tube
The Royal Graves in the VD of city
The cemetery of tombs
The Palace and the theatre
Holy the Efklias
- The Citadel and the wall of city
the one the magnificent coasts of Thermaikos and from
the other side OLYMPUS, the mountain of 12 gods with the tallest
top - Mittikas with height 2,917 metres.
Fascinating is the way to the narrow Stone, the passage to
Thessalia, as well as in the impressive Gorge of Olympus.
likes quietness, the clean mountain air, the forests, the mountaineering,
the ski, the beautiful Abbey of St. Dionysus, you sure chose the most
suitable part. Because here,
the rich natural beauties not only frighten, but fascinate also the
visitor. It alone his
requirements in offers to be least.
The Ski Centre of Olympus has access from Olympiada and disposes
of Ski lift also shelter in 2400 m.
In 1,000m exists shelter in the place Cross and 22hlm from Litochoro .In the Eastern face of Olympus of - Cave Dear, 2.30 hours course from the Saws, where reaches the car. Also in the Eastern face of mountain, 1,900m exists the shelter Vrysoules. The last shelter Christos Kakalos is at 2760m.
beside them, in north, is builded the city Dion, the city that her god
given name declares her narrow relation with Zeus.
this place centralized thousands Macedonians in order to celebrate
"en Zeus Olympia", which from the 5th century b.C became with
the cluster of Holy buildings distinguish:
The sanctuary of Dimitra
Two temples, which aged in the 500 b.C
An entire sacred place of Isida, with the adored statues above in their
The city of Dion was good riding from wall of the 4th b.C and had marvellous street plan system. The excavations revealed flag stoned roads, nationally owned buildings, shops, laboratories and houses, as well as the orchestra, the scene and the public seats, in the big theatre of Dion. In the extended necropolis in northern and Western the Dion, are distinguished four underground arch-covered Macedonian graves. Powerful earthquakes in the 5th century a.C. put end in the acne of Dion. However remained enough for the current visitor to admire the beautiful city with the nationally owned spaces, the theatre, crowd of statues.