Trantas Antonios - Alexandra
600 63 - Pieria
Tel: +30 23520 91339
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http://www.livithra-hotel.gr
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EXCURSIONS


ATHENS


Accordingly with the delivery, Athens was founded, when king Theseus linked in a state the communities of Attica. Athenians last king Kodros, who sacrificed his life in order to save his homeland.  Capital of Greece from the ancient times and important civilization centre.

City with 3.500 years history, generator of world democracy that all the citizens had right to participate in the governing of state and not only European culture .In the classic times - 500-323 b.C. was built - the Parthenon - work of Iktinus and Kalljkratis, magnificent temple for the Gods, builded with two rhythms, the Doric and ionic, One of the most  admirable pictures in the Parthenon  are the procession of Panathineum - the scene from more brilliant feast of "golden century" devoted in the parton saint Athens.  At the duration of this feast became also the eminent "procession of Panathineum" - that recounted Phidias.  Phidias also manufactured a splendid statue of Athens from gold and ivory and was placed in the Parthenon. Other  splendid buildings that were built then in Acropolis were the Erethium, the Propilea  and the temple of Athens Nikis.  In spring Athens were rejoice “Big Dionysian”.  During the feast the Athenians watched theatrical representations in the theatre of Dionysus, under the Acropolis.

Except from the artistic creations, in Athens of classic season we have also growth of philosophy, oratory, theatre, poetry, history.  Athens became then "school of all Greece", because in Athens were assembled and lectured the intellectual persons from whole Greece.

In the philosophy distinguished Socrates, who sacrificed also his life still for his ideas, Plato and Aristotle.  The modern culture owes a lot in their thought and wisdom.

In the church of municipality of democratic Athens big speakers attracted the crowds with their reasons. Between the leadings was Demosthenes.

The victory of Greeks at the Persians gave to Herodotus the inspiration to write the history of Persians wars.

In Athens it was given birth then for first time in the world, the theatre.  The Athenians watched the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and laughed in the comedies of Aristophanes. This wealth with the conquests of G. Alexander speaded up to depths of small Asia.

Today worthy your attention is: 

- Archaeological Museum in the Parthenon

- Polytechnic

- Square of Constitution with the Parliament

- Monument of Unknown Soldier

- Change sentry

- Royal garden - the Zappio

- Olympic Stage

- Old community of Athens - Plaka

- Piraeus




SALONIKA



G. Alexander’s empire in the Hellenistic times separated in kingdoms.  In Greece it continued being powerful the state of Macedonia.  There, the 316 b.C. had been founded Salonika from the then king Cassadros.  The name of city emanates from his wife - Salonika.Second in size city of Greece, centre of culture in the Byzantine times.  Monuments of city are from Roman season, Byzantine and Turkish.

The Archaeological Museum of Salonika began builded in February 1961 in drawings of architect Patroclos Karantinos'. 

Rooms in 1971 and it included sculptures, prehistoric collection, miniature art archaic and classic years, total of discoveries from the graves in Derveni. In 1978 the astonishing discoveries of Vergina (Aigai) imposed the first change at the exposition: in the space of prehistoric collection and miniature art exposed discoveries of the Royal graves in the frame of the exposition « Treasures of Ancient Macedonia ».

Room 1

Architectural members of the Ionic temple, that were found scattered in Thessalonica at the end of 6th century b.C.

Room 2 and 3

From Thessalonica Sculptural archaic, classic and Hellenistic season, where emanate from regions of Macedonia.

Room 4

Is presented the history of the city since the prehistoric years until the later antiquity:

A) Prehistoric period – discoveries from prehistoric tubes, houses and graves of archaic and classic years.

V) Hellenistic period – elements of urban organization of the city and the Macedonian graves.

C) Roman period – exhibits from the region of the sanctuaries, the market, Galerian’s palace and the out walls cemeteries.

Room 5 and 6

Sculptures and bas-reliefs, honorary, dedicatory and graves from the roman season.

Room 7 – Graves Architecture

Room 8 – Sindos

Room 9 – the gold of Macedonians

Room 10 – the region of Thessalonica in prehistory

Room             Manolis Andronikos

 

METEORA

 

The Meteora are today the bigger and the most important after “Ago Oros” monastic group in Greece. The first traces of their history, are presented since the 11th century, when installed here the first hermits. Today they constitute the most important turning points of cultural map of Greece, while UNESCO has characterized them as phenomenon of cultural heritage.

 

Holy Abbey of the Great Meteoron

Is the bigger abbey of Meteora. It is constituted by the catholic, which is honored in “Metamorphosis Savior”, was built in the means of the 14thcentury. The old Altar of the monastery functions today as Museum.

Holy Abbey Varlaam

Is the second abbey in extent and size It is constituted by the catholic, devoted in Agius Pantes which is athoniku type with wide in close church vestibule (frugal) with dome. Builded in 1541 and the close church vestibule which hagiographied in 1566.  The old Altar is today museum, while in the northerners it undergoes also the chapel of Three Hierarchs.

Holy Abbey Russanu

Is devoted in the Metamorphosis of Savior, but is honoured also Saint Barbara.  The catholic of abbey of that is agioritiku type builded in the means of 16th century.  The catholic and the rooms of reception are found in the ground floor.  The archodariki, different rooms', auxiliary spaces exist in the two different floors.

Holy Abbey Ag. Nikolaos Anapaysa'

It is the first abbey that we meet going up to Meteora. The catholic of abbey, devoted in the St.. Nicolas, is one room temple with small dome which builded in the beginnings of 16th century.

Holy Abbey Ag. Stephen

Is the most accessible abbey because nobody goes up with steps. The small one room temple builded in the means of 16th century and hagiographied in 1545 or little later.  In 1798 builded current catholic of St. Haralampus, that is agioritiku type.  The old Altar of abbey functions today as Museum.

Holy Abbey St. Trinity

Has the difficultest access, because somebody reaches there through rock and valley.  The current main temple is small crossed dikonius temple with dome, which builded in 1476 and hagiographied in 1741.  In 1684 was added beside the temple a small ossuary.

In abbeys was materialised erected works of maintenance of murals.


VERGINA – AIGAI

The ancient city is found in northern foot of  the mountains  Pleurius which is identified  with certainty with Aigai, the ancient capital of Kingdom of down Macedonia.  The space was lived continuous by the season of early Copper ages (3 b.C. millennium), while at the early season of Iron (11os - 8os century) it was already important, rich and popular centre.  The acne season acne of city were the archaic (7th- 6th b.C) and classic times (5th-4th century b.C), therefore constituted the more important urban centre of region, seat of Macedonian Kings and place where were assembled most important traditional sanctuaries.  The Aigai were eminent in the antiquity for the wealth of Royal graves that was found in the extended necropolis of city.  The discoveries from the Royal graves are exposed in the underground building - museum that protects the ancient monuments, and in special shaped space of Archaeological Museum of Salonika.  The excavations began the 19o century, were continued the decade of ' 30.  After the end of the B’ World War, Manolis Andronjkos took over, whom at the decade of ' 50-'60 excavated the cemetery hurricane.  Parallel, excavated the Palace from ' the Archaeological Department of Aristotelian University of Salonika and department of Necropolis from the Archaeological Service of Ministry of Culture.

In 1977 the hoe of M. Andronikos carried in the light the royal graves of Big Tube, between those who found more important was Philip B' (359-336 b.C), a discovery that was considered as one of the more important archaeological makes of our century.  From then the excavation is continued and has revealed line of important monuments.

The more important monuments and archaeological totals of archaeological space of Verginas – Aigai  are: 

- The Royal Graves of Big Tube

- The Royal Graves in the VD of city

- The cemetery of tombs

- The Palace and the theatre

- Holy the Efklias

- The Citadel and the wall of city


OLYMPUS - DION 

From the one the magnificent coasts of Thermaikos and from  the other side OLYMPUS, the mountain of 12 gods with the tallest top - Mittikas with height 2,917 metres.  Fascinating is the way to the narrow Stone, the passage to Thessalia, as well as in the impressive Gorge of Olympus.

Who likes quietness, the clean mountain air, the forests, the mountaineering, the ski, the beautiful Abbey of St. Dionysus, you sure chose the most suitable part.  Because here, the rich natural beauties not only frighten, but fascinate also the visitor.  It alone his requirements in offers to be least.  The Ski Centre of Olympus has access from Olympiada and disposes of Ski lift also shelter in 2400 m.

In 1,000m exists shelter in the place Cross and 22hlm from Litochoro .In the Eastern face of Olympus of - Cave Dear, 2.30 hours course from the Saws, where reaches the car. Also in the Eastern face of mountain, 1,900m exists the shelter Vrysoules.  The last shelter Christos Kakalos is at 2760m.



DION


In the village Dion the archaeological hoe reveal the sanctuaries of gods of Macedonians.  In a rich in vegetation and spring waters placed the Pierikos field, before the uphill road to Olympus, spreads the sacred places of gods, two theatres and a stage.

Immediately beside them, in north, is builded the city Dion, the city that her god given name declares her narrow relation with Zeus.

In this place centralized thousands Macedonians in order to celebrate "en Zeus Olympia", which from the 5th century b.C became with private splendour.

From the cluster of Holy buildings distinguish:

- The sanctuary of Dimitra

- Two temples, which aged in the 500 b.C

- The Asklipion

- An entire sacred place of Isida, with the adored statues above in their bases.

The city of Dion was good riding from wall of the 4th b.C and had marvellous street plan system.  The excavations revealed flag stoned roads, nationally owned buildings, shops, laboratories and houses, as well as the orchestra, the scene and the public seats, in the big theatre of Dion.  In the extended necropolis in northern and Western the Dion, are distinguished four underground arch-covered Macedonian graves.  Powerful earthquakes in the 5th century a.C. put end in the acne of Dion.  However remained enough for the current visitor to admire the beautiful city with the nationally owned spaces, the theatre, crowd of statues.